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Recommended K40 Laser Cutter Settings

These settings are pretty much spot on every-time for the result I usually look for in timber. The engraving is usually .5 mm deep, which carries through most hard and soft woods. Softwoods will cut a little deeper, so keep this in mind when inputting your settings into your K40 laser

Raster Engrave
Raster Engrave speed :
100mm/s
Power : 10% (on digital display)

Vector Engrave

Vector Engrave Speed : 20mm/s
Power : 10%

Vector Cut
(Hardwood 5mm)

Vector Cut Speed : 15mm/s
Power: 40%
Passes: 5-10

The k40 will cut through the wood at approx 1mm per pass with the stock setup (without air-assist and upgraded lenses mirrors etc)

Janka Hardness

This wood is spotted gum from Australia and  has a Janka hardness of 2470 Newtons. I ran this at a speed of 100mm/s and a power setting of 10 (on the digital readout) and resulted in an engraving of around 0.5mmThe Janka hardness test measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. It measures the force required to embed an 11.28 millimeters (0.444 in) diameter steel ball halfway into a sample of wood. This method leaves a hemispherical indentation with an area of 200 mm2. A common use of Janka hardness ratings is to determine whether a species is suitable for use as flooring.

The graph below can be used to determine the hardness of wood and be used as a guide to estimate settings

Harder wood will require either a faster laser speed setting or a higher power setting

A wood with a newton force of 2473 Newtons can be equated to 10 (on digital K40 readout) and running at 70mm/s. This will result in approximately 0.5mm cut and result in an image similar to the one below

K40 Laser cutter settings

Species Force: pounds-force (newtons)
African Mahogany 830 lbf (3,700 N) 830
African Padauk 1,725 lbf (7,670 N) 1725
African Pearwood, Moabi 3,680 lbf (16,400 N) 3680
Afzelia, Doussie, Australian Wormy Chestnut 1,810 lbf (8,100 N) 1810
Alder (Red) 590 lbf (2,600 N) 590
Amendoim 1,912 lbf (8,500 N) 1912
American Beech 1,300 lbf (5,800 N) 1300
Ash (White) 1,320 lbf (5,900 N) 1320
Australian Buloke[2] 5,060 lbf (22,500 N) 5060
Australian Cypress 1,375 lbf (6,120 N) 1375
Balsa[10] 70 lbf (310 N) 70
Bangkirai 1,798 lbf (8,000 N) 1798
Basswood 410 lbf (1,800 N) 410
Black Cherry, Imbuia 950 lbf (4,200 N) 950
Black Locust 1,700 lbf (7,600 N) 1700
Black Walnut, North American Walnut 1,010 lbf (4,500 N) 1010
Blackwood 1,720 lbf (7,700 N) 1720
Bloodwood 2,900 lbf (13,000 N) 2900
Boire 940 lbf (4,200 N) 940
Bolivian Cherry 3,650 lbf (16,200 N) 3650
Boreal 1,023 lbf (4,550 N) 1023
Box Elder 720 lbf (3,200 N) 720
Boxwood 2,840 lbf (12,600 N) 2840
Brazilian Cherry, Jatoba 2,350 lbf (10,500 N) 2350
Brazilian Ebony 3,692 lbf (16,420 N) 3692
Brazilian Eucalyptus, Rose Gum 1,125 lbf (5,000 N) 1125
Brazilian Koa 2,160 lbf (9,600 N) 2160
Brazilian Olivewood 3,700 lbf (16,000 N) 3700
Brushbox 2,135 lbf (9,500 N) 2135
Bubinga 1,980 lbf (8,800 N) 1980
Cameron 1,940 lbf (8,600 N) 1940
Carapa guianensis, Brazilian Mesquite 1,220 lbf (5,400 N) 1220
Carbonized Bamboo (represents one species) 1,180 lbf (5,200 N) 1180
Caribbean Heart Pine 1,280 lbf (5,700 N) 1280
Caribbean Walnut 1,390 lbf (6,200 N) 1390
Castello 1,810 lbf (8,100 N) 1810
Cherry 995 lbf (4,430 N) 995
Chestnut 540 lbf (2,400 N) 540
Cocobolo 2,960 lbf (13,200 N) 2960
Cuipo[10] 75 lbf (330 N) 75
Cumaru, Brazilian Teak 3,540 lbf (15,700 N) 3540
Curupixa 1,490 lbf (6,600 N) 1490
Douglas Fir 660 lbf (2,900 N) 660
Eastern Red Cedar 900 lbf (4,000 N) 900
Eastern White Pine 380 lbf (1,700 N) 380
Ebony 3,220 lbf (14,300 N) 3220
English Oak[6] 1,120 lbf (5,000 N) 1120
Golden Teak 2,330 lbf (10,400 N) 2330
Goncalo Alves, Tigerwood 1,850 lbf (8,200 N) 1850
Grey Ironbark 3,664 lbf (16,300 N) 3664
Guatambú, Kyrandy, Balfourodendron riedelianum 2,240 lbf (10,000 N) 2240
Hard maple, Sugar Maple 1,450 lbf (6,400 N) 1450
Heart pine 1,225 lbf (5,450 N) 1225
Hemlock 500 lbf (2,200 N) 500
Hickory, Pecan, Satinwood 1,820 lbf (8,100 N) 1820
Highland Beech 1,686 lbf (7,500 N) 1686
Ipê, Brazilian Walnut, Lapacho 3,684 lbf (16,390 N) 3684
Ironwood 3,260 lbf (14,500 N) 3260
Jarrah 1,910 lbf (8,500 N) 1910
Karri 2,030 lbf (9,000 N) 2030
Kempas 1,710 lbf (7,600 N) 1710
Kentucky coffeetree 1,390 lbf (6,200 N) 1390
Lacewood, Leopardwood 840 lbf (3,700 N) 840
Lapacho 3,640 lbf (16,200 N) 3640
Larch 1,200 lbf (5,300 N) 1200
Larch 590 lbf (2,600 N) 590
Lignum vitae, Guayacan, Pockenholz 4,500 lbf (20,000 N) 4500
Live Oak 2,680 lbf (11,900 N) 2680
Mahogany, Honduran Mahogany 800 lbf (3,600 N) 800
Makore 1,100 lbf (4,900 N) 1100
Massaranduba, Brazilian Redwood, Paraju 3,190 lbf (14,200 N) 3190
Merbau 1,925 lbf (8,560 N) 1925
Merbau 1,712 lbf (7,620 N) 1712
Mesquite 2,345 lbf (10,430 N) 2345
Movingui 1,230 lbf (5,500 N) 1230
Natural Bamboo (represents one species) 1,380 lbf (6,100 N) 1380
Osage Orange[5] 2,040 lbf (9,100 N) 2040
Paper Birch 910 lbf (4,000 N) 910
Parana 780 lbf (3,500 N) 780
Peroba 1,557 lbf (6,930 N) 1557
Peruvian Walnut 1,080 lbf (4,800 N) 1080
Piptadenia Macrocarpa, Curupay, Angico Preto, Brazilian Tiger Mahogany 3,840 lbf (17,100 N) 3840
Pradoo 2,170 lbf (9,700 N) 2170
Purpleheart 1,860 lbf (8,300 N) 1860
Radiata Pine[8] 710 lbf (3,200 N) 710
Red Mahogany, Turpentine 2,697 lbf (12,000 N) 2697
Red Maple[7] 950 lbf (4,200 N) 950
Red Mulberry 1,680 lbf (7,500 N) 1680
Red Oak (Northern) 1,290 lbf (5,700 N) 1290
Ribbon Gum 1,349 lbf (6,000 N) 1349
Rosewood 1,780 lbf (7,900 N) 1780
Santos Mahogany, Bocote, Cabreuva, Honduran Rosewood 2,200 lbf (9,800 N) 2200
Sapele, Sapelli, Kupa’y 1,510 lbf (6,700 N) 1510
Schinopsis balansae, Quebracho Colorado, Red Quebracho[4] 4,570 lbf (20,300 N) 4570
Schinopsis brasiliensis, Quebracho, Barauna, Chamacoco[3] 4,800 lbf (21,000 N) 4800
Shedua 710 lbf (3,200 N) 710
Siberian Larch 1,100 lbf (4,900 N) 1100
Silver Maple[9] 700 lbf (3,100 N) 700
Snakewood, Letterhout, Piratinera Guinensis 3,800 lbf (17,000 N) 3800
Softest wood ever measured: a single, unusual sample of Balsa[10] 22 lbf (98 N) 22
Southern Chestnut 2,670 lbf (11,900 N) 2670
Southern Yellow Pine (Loblolly and Shortleaf) 690 lbf (3,100 N) 690
Southern Yellow Pine (Longleaf) 870 lbf (3,900 N) 870
Spotted Gum 2,473 lbf (11,000 N) 2473
Strand Woven Bamboo 3,000 lbf (13,000 N) 3000
Sucupira, Brazilian Chestnut, Tiete Chestnut 3,417 lbf (15,200 N) 3417
Sweet Birch 1,470 lbf (6,500 N) 1470
Sycamore 770 lbf (3,400 N) 770
Sydney Blue Gum 2,023 lbf (9,000 N) 2023
Tallowwood 1,933 lbf (8,600 N) 1933
Tasmanian oak 1,350 lbf (6,000 N) 1350
Teak 1,155 lbf (5,140 N) 1155
True Pine, Timborana 1,570 lbf (7,000 N) 1570
Tualang 1,624 lbf (7,220 N) 1624
Wenge, Red Pine, Hornbeam 1,630 lbf (7,300 N) 1630
Western Juniper 626 lbf (2,780 N) 626
Western White Pine 420 lbf (1,900 N) 420
White Oak 1,360 lbf (6,000 N) 1360
Yellow Birch, Iroko 1,260 lbf (5,600 N) 1260
Yellow Poplar, Poplar 540 lbf (2,400 N) 540
Yvyraro 3,040 lbf (13,500 N) 3040
Zebrawood 1,575 lbf (7,010 N) 1575

 

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